If you are thinking of moving to Australia because of its high quality life and numerous job opportunities, the first thing you should consider is the various visa options available.
Visa Under General Skilled Migration
You must submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) through SkillSelect based on the type of visa you need. Then you are appointed for a skilled visa by the Australian state and territory governments based on the information they provide.
To apply for each form of visa, you must have a certain number of Australian immigration points.
Mainly the Australia skilled migration points calculator test system is conducted for:
1. Skilled-Independent visa (subclass 189)
- You do not have a sponsor? You can apply for a professional independent visa using a points-based system. If your occupation is on the MLTSSL’s 189 occupation list, you may submit an expression of interest and be invited to apply for a visa.
2. Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190)
Under this visa, you can live and work in Australia as a permanent resident. The Australia PR point system framework allows for this visa. You must have a 190 occupation list and a nomination from a state or territory government in Australia. As a consequence, You are able to submit an expression of interest(EOI).
3. Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) subclass 491
- Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) – subclass 491 is a Provisional Visa. It enables eligible professionals and your family members to live, study and work in the designated regional areas of Australia for 5 years. The validity of the visa is 5 years. However, you may be eligible to apply for a Permanent Residence visa which is Subclass 191 after 3 years with the fulfillment of all documents including competency Demonstration Report (CDR).
Similarly Other visa type are listed below:
- Skilled-Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 489)
- Graduate Temporary Visa (Subclass 485)
- Skilled Regional Visa (Subclass 887)
Depending upon the type of visa you are applying for, you have to nominate your occupation. SkillSelect provided two occupation lists – The skilled Occupations List (SOL) and the Consolidated Sponsored Occupations List (CSOL). The applicants for the Skilled Regional (Subclass 887) Visa, Skilled Independent Visa (subclass 189) and Graduate Temporary (Subclass 485) Visa have to nominate an occupation listed in SOL. The applicants for Temporary Work (Skilled) visa (subclass 457), Skilled – Nominated or Sponsored Provisional (Subclass 489) Visa and Skilled – Nominated (subclass 190) Visa have to nominate an occupation listed in CSOL.
Point based immigration in Australia
- Let’s look more closely at the different conditions of SkillSelect’s immigration points calculator framework. In order to obtain visa, you must score a total of at least 65 points in each of the following categories:
- Points are given differently depending on the applicant’s age. The age group 18–24 receives the highest number of points, while the age group 45–49 receives none. For various age ranges, see the table below:
2. English language proficiency
- Australia’s points calculator system also awards points to applicants based on your English speaking, listening, reading and writing skills. You are required to appear for the IELTS (International English Language Testing System) in order to showcase their extraordinary English language skills.
|English language Proficiency(IELTS score)||Points|
|Superior (IELTS score of 8 or More)||20|
|Proficiency (IELTS score of 7 or more)||10|
|Competent (IELTS score of 6 or more)||0|
3. Skilled Employment
- A maximum of 20 points will be given for skilled employment in Australia with 8 to 10 years of experience from the date of application. Skilled employment outside of Australia with 8 to 10 years of experience counting back from the date of your PR application will get 15 points; less years of experience will gain fewer points as mentioned below.
|Length of skilled employment in Australia (within last 10 year||Points|
|Length of skilled employment outside Australia (in last 10 years)||Points|
4. Educational Qualification
The qualifications of the applicants must be in relation to the occupation that they have nominated. It must also be in accordance with the Australian qualification standards. Then, depending upon the highest qualification of the applicants they are awarded certain points. For instance, for those having a bachelors and a postgraduate degree will be awarded points for their postgraduate qualification.
|Bachelor’s or Master Degree||15|
|Australian Diploma or Trade Qualification||10|
|Award or qualification recognized by the assessing authority in assessment of the skilled occupation||10|
5. Australian qualifications
Australian qualifications also play a role in the Australian immigration points calculator. Those who have studied for at least 2 years in Australia and gained a qualification from an Australian institution are awarded 5 points.
|Any degree, diploma or trade Qualification earned in earned in Australia after 2 year of study||5|
6. Regional study
Applicants who gained an educational qualification from Australia (at least 2 years of education) and had lived in regional Australia or a low population growth metropolitan area during their course of study are awarded 5 extra points in the Australia visa points calculation system.
|Regional Study Qualification||Points|
|Any degree, diploma or trade Qualification earned in earned in Australia after 2 year of study in a
Regional Australia / low population growth metropolitan Area
7. Community language skills
Australia’s National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI) recognizes the community language skills of applicants. If an applicant has an exceptional interpreter level or translational skills in any of the community languages of Australia then they are awarded 5 points.
|NAATI recognize Translator||5|
8. Spouse/partner skills and qualifications
- If the applicant has included their spouse or partner in their visa application, they can get points based on their spouse or partner’s skills and qualifications, as long as they are not an Australian citizen or resident. In this situation, the applicant’s spouse or partner must also meet the age, nominated occupation, and English language competency requirements.
|Spouse/ Partner Skills and Qualification||Points|
|If spouse meets the minimum english test criteria and has their skill assessment done the primary applicant will be awarded.||10|
9. Professional year
- A professional year is a program of professional development that includes both on-the-job training and formal education. It can be used to increase the number of points needed for Australian PR. If an applicant has completed a professional year in Australia within the last four years, they will be given extra points.
|Completed a professional year in Australia in a last 4 year||5|
10. Nominations and sponsorship (Subclasses 190 and 489 only)
- According to the Australia visa points calculator, the nominations will earn you some extra points. If the applicant is sponsored by an Australian territory or state government, they will receive extra points. This criterion, however, is only applicable to Skilled-Regional (Provisional) visas (subclass 489) and Skilled Nominated visas (subclass 489). (subclass 190).
|Sponsorship or Nomination||Points|
|Nominated by a state or territory government under a state||5|
|government plan for a skills nominated visa (subclass 190) application.||5|
|Nominated by a state or territory government under a state government plan or an eligible relative, to a designated state of skilled nominated or Sponsored visa (provisional) (subclass 489) application.||10|
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